3D Attentional Maps: Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments

by Sophie Stellmach, Lennart E Nacke, Raimund Dachselt
Abstract:
Gaze visualizations hold the potential to facilitate usability studies of interactive systems. However, visual gaze analysis in three- dimensional virtual environments still lacks methods and techniques for aggregating attentional representations. We propose three novel gaze visualizations for the application in such environments: projected, object-based, and surface-based attentional maps. These techniques provide an overview of how visual attention is distributed across a scene, among different models, and across a model’s surface. Two user studies conducted among eye tracking and visualization experts approve the high value of these techniques for the fast evaluation of eye tracking studies in virtual environments.
Reference:
3D Attentional Maps: Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments (Sophie Stellmach, Lennart E Nacke, Raimund Dachselt), In Proceedings of AVI 2010, ACM, 2010.
Bibtex Entry:
@inproceedings{stellmach20103d,
abstract = {Gaze visualizations hold the potential to facilitate usability studies of interactive systems. However, visual gaze analysis in three- dimensional virtual environments still lacks methods and techniques for aggregating attentional representations. We propose three novel gaze visualizations for the application in such environments: projected, object-based, and surface-based attentional maps. These techniques provide an overview of how visual attention is distributed across a scene, among different models, and across a model’s surface. Two user studies conducted among eye tracking and visualization experts approve the high value of these techniques for the fast evaluation of eye tracking studies in virtual environments.},
address = {Rome, Italy},
author = {Stellmach, Sophie and Nacke, Lennart E and Dachselt, Raimund},
booktitle = {Proceedings of AVI 2010},
doi = {10.1145/1842993.1843058},
organization = {ACM},
pages = {345--348},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{3D Attentional Maps: Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments}},
url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1843058},
year = {2010}
}

Standard